Temporomandibular Joint joints jaw to skull’s temporal bones situated in front of both ears. We are able to make jaw movements using these joints only; thus we are able to speak and eat etc.
If some problem occurs in the jaw and its controlling muscles then it is known as temporomandibular joint disorder or TMD. Prominent reasons behind the occurrence of this problem include some injury to the jaw or the head’s muscles. Some other reasons include grinding teeth when sleeping, stress and arthritis.
According to the study, the number of women suffering from temporomandibular joint disorder is bigger compared to men and also the problem is found common among people from the age of 20 to 40 years.
Symptoms of TMD:
The pain due to TMD can last for few hours to several years as one side or both sides of the face may get affected because of it. Common symptoms of the problem include:
• Pain is in face, joint area and shoulders. You may also feel pain when chewing or speaking and not being able to open your mouth wide.
• You are able to hear sounds like popping or grating when moving your mouth.
• A tired looking face
• Other than this one may also experience toothache, earache, pain in shoulders and dizziness just to name few.
Diagnose of TMD:
You need to visit your dentist and a physical exam will be conducted. He will look for any kind of abnormality or sound. He will ask about all the troubles you are facing while using your jaw. Additionally, your bite and facial muscles to will be checked. Thereafter you might be asked to get full face x-ray.
Suggested treatments for TMD:
You might be advised to have non-steroidal anti inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen in eliminating muscle pain as well as swelling.
Ice pack will also offer you relief. Pat your face with ice pack for about ten minutes and also you should perform jaw stretches.
In food you will be advised to have curd, mashed potatoes and soup etc.
Do not yawn, scream or chew. In other words, avoid doing activities where jaw used like singing etc.
Put pressure on the jaw by putting your tongue stuck between teeth so that clenching or grinding of the teeth.
Surgery is the last option to the patients. Once it is done it cannot be reverted. So the best is to take advice from other dentists too.
In the end, it is advised that you should not take this condition lightly as negligence towards this problem might prove fatal as it may cause heart attack or angina too. Treating jaw pain also gets compulsory so as to keep swelling and eating problems at bay.